About Brazil

Brazil is located in the eastern part of South America, from which it occupies a good part (47,3%) of the territory, from above the Equator to more below the Tropic of Capricorn.

Imagem © Google

Brazil in South America by Top do Brasil.com.br


Important to Know

Unlike most countries in the region, which were colonized by Spain, Brazil speaks Portuguese, given that it was colonized by Portugal.

Brasília

Since it was "discovered" by the Portuguese navigator Pedro Álvares Cabral in 1500, Brazil has had three capitals: Salvador (from 1549 to 1763), Rio de Janeiro (from 1763 to 1960) and, since 1960, the modern city of Brasília.

Imagem © Webysther
Brasília, Brazil's Capital


Surface

Brazil's surface is 8.510.820,623 km², being considered one of the largest countries in the world, behind Russia, Canada, China and the United States.

Population

The Brazilian population is over 200 million inhabitants; according to the last official figures: 210.147.125 inhabitants.
Thus, Brazil is the most populous of the largest countries in the world, with the exception of China and India.

Economy

Brazil's wealth, over the centuries, went from sugar cane in the Northeast (Bahia and Pernambuco, the world's largest producer in the 17th century) to gold in the Southeast (Minas Gerais, 18th century), to São Paulo coffee (19th century), to the industry of the Southeast (20th century) and, currently, to modern and giant farms producing soybeans, corn, coffee, oranges and meat producing companies.
Brazil is one of the largest food producing countries in the world.

GDP

Brazil's Gross Domestic Product is 2,056 trillions USD (World Bank, 2017). GDP per capita is 9.821,41 USD (World Bank, 2017).

Politics

Brazil in the 20th and 21st centuries has always been governed by politicians sympathetic to leftist policies. The highest point of this trend occurred from 2000 to 2014. The result of these fourteen years was catastrophic for the country: millions of unemployed, a record number of companies went bankrupt and 62% of individual families. This unsustainable situation brought to power a liberal, center-right government, which, against stablishment, tries to modernize the country, reduce bureaucracy and facilitate the creation of businesses and jobs.